All ETDs from UAB

Advisory Committee Chair

Peter M Walsh

Advisory Committee Members

Shen-En Chen

Melinda M Lalor

Larry S Monroe

Jack C Pashin

Bharat K Soni

Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

2010

Degree Name by School

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) School of Engineering

Abstract

Fossil fuels, such as coal and natural gas, currently play an enormous role in our nation's base-load energy supply and provide reliable domestic energy security. If fossil fuels are to remain a component of future energy production in a carbon constrained world, then carbon-neutral energy options must be available. With fossil fuels, point-source environmental control technologies will be required to help comply with future carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions standards. One very promising technology, carbon capture and storage (CCS), consists of the separation of CO2 from the products of combustion of fossil fuels or from fuel gas produced by gasification of fossil fuels, followed by pipeline transport and injection into deep underground geologic formations. CCS has been identified as a critical enabling technology with which to mitigate the large quantities of CO2 produced in coal-fired power plants and discharged to the atmosphere. For successful commercial-scale deployment of CCS, understanding the subsurface storage capacity of proposed injection target reservoirs, including the potential reuse of CO2 as a commodity in enhanced oil recovery, are key research and development issues. Electric utilities will also need to develop and evaluate potentially new business models for the commercial deployment of CCS technologies. This dissertation considers the larger picture of CCS from the perspective of electric utilities, with a focus on establishing capacity estimates for geologic formations; the design of a pilot injection project for enhanced oil recovery; and the development of prototypical physical and business models for future deployment of CCS.

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Engineering Commons

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