All ETDs from UAB

Advisory Committee Chair

Linda J Searby

Advisory Committee Members

Scott W Snyder

Peter G Anderson

James R Jackson

William B Rogan

Document Type

Dissertation

Date of Award

2012

Degree Name by School

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) School of Education

Abstract

This dissertation study examined whether or not there were quantitative changes in medical student self-reported empathy scores over time and across gender within third- and fourth-year cohorts enrolled in an integrated curriculum at a Southeastern U.S. medical school. The dependent variable was quantitative empathy scores at time 1 and time 2 using the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE, medical student S-Version). Primary independent variables were cohort year and gender. Variables of clinical campus site, rotation orientation category, and specialty interest orientation category were also explored. The study found that empathy increased for the third-year complete cohort but decreased for the fourth-year complete cohort due to three-way interactions of time, gender, and cohort. The increase in mean empathy scores for the third-year completes was due to the increase in third-year complete female mean empathy scores from time 1 to time 2. There were no significant main effects of time, gender, or cohort. There were also significant interactions of time and clinical rotation site but no significant interactions for rotation orientation or specialty orientation.

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