All ETDs from UAB

Advisory Committee Chair

Kristi C Guest

Advisory Committee Members

Robin G Lanzi

Jennifer Burke-Lefever

Document Type

Thesis

Date of Award

2017

Degree Name by School

Master of Arts (MA) College of Arts and Sciences

Abstract

Maternal self-perception and children’s early home environment have been linked to a number of areas of child development. This study looked at the influence of both prenatal maternal parenting self-efficacy and personal mastery, coined as the concept maternal self-view (MSV), on children’s 4-month home environment and 1-year socioemotional development. The effect of 4-month home environment, as measured by the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) including the Supplement to the HOME for Impoverished Families (SHIF) and by the Family and Maternal Life History (FMLH), overall and in regards to the presence of television and crowding, on 1-year child socioemotional development, as measured by the Brief Infant-Toddler Social Emotional Assessment (BITSEA), was also explored. Lastly, differences between mother groups, by age and education level, were examined for all variables of interest; maternal self-view, home environment overall and in relation to the two specific aspects of crowding and television use, and child socioemotional development. Analyses revealed prenatal maternal self-view and 4-month home environment to be significant predictors of 12-month internalizing and externalizing behavior. Significant independent effects were also found for both variables on externalizing and internalizing behaviors. The 4-month home environment was also found to significantly predict both internalizing and externalizing behaviors, with crowding significantly relating to 12-month externalizing and internalizing behavior problems and 4-month overall home environment relating to 12-month internalizing behavior problems. Lastly, maternal education level was found to significantly affect all variables of interest except television use and maternal age group impacted all variables of interest.

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