All ETDs from UAB

Advisory Committee Chair

Shelley McGrath

Advisory Committee Members

Melencia Johnson

Suzanne E Perumean-Chaney

Document Type

Thesis

Date of Award

2015

Degree Name by School

Master of Science in Criminal Justice (MSCJ) College of Arts and Sciences

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine the state differences in arrest rates according to risk preference, and policy and sanction severity. The effects of policy and sanction severity on drinking and driving have been an increasing topic of discussion and study in both the political and scholarly world since the 1980s. This paper seeks to address the differences in state-level policies and sanctions concerning DUIs, focusing on the impact of punishment severity on DUI arrest rates. Results show that being located in the Western region of the United States has a significant positive effect on DUI arrest rates. The results additionally show that increasing punishment severity may inversely increase DUI occurrences. Further research is required using individual characteristic information to ascertain the results of the study.

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