All ETDs from UAB

Advisory Committee Chair

Constance Kamii

Advisory Committee Members

Jerry Aldridge

Lois Christensen

Lynn Kirkland

Maryann Manning

Document Type


Date of Award


Degree Name by School

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) School of Education


Time cannot be seen or physically examined, and philosophers have been arguing about the nature of time for thousands of years. National standards and state courses of study require that very young children be able to measure elapsed time to the hour and minute, but are they truly able to do so? This study focuses on children’s ability to quantify time at the very lowest level of quantification. Second, fourth, sixth, and eighth graders are interviewed using two tasks to determine whether they are able to separate their own actions from the actions of the timing device and to judge the equality or inequality of durations. It was found that even the eighth grade students had difficulty with the tasks. The implications of the findings in regard to state and national standards are discussed.

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