All ETDs from UAB

Advisory Committee Chair

Karen Cropsey

Advisory Committee Members

Andres Azuero

Christopher Henrich

Document Type


Date of Award


Degree Name by School

Master of Arts (MA) College of Arts and Sciences


While smoking prevalence rates have declined in the general population over the past 50 years, persons in the criminal legal population have disproportionally high rates of smoking. Previous research suggests that smoking cessation interventions and campaigns have missed targeting this population. Due to the COVD-19 pandemic, many ongoing clinical trials had to rapidly shift to using remote trials, including our smoking cessation trial with the criminal legal population. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to compare recruitment rate, study adherence, retention, NRT adherence, and quit attempts for participants who completed the study as planned (In Person), after implementation of a voucher system and additional check-in appointments (Incentivized), and after the pandemic began (Hybrid). There were no significant differences in any of the study outcomes between the methodology groups, suggesting that hybrid methods of research do not result in a slower recruitment pace, less visits attended, or a higher likelihood of drop-out. Completing the study remotely did not appear to impact study outcomes such as likelihood of making a quit attempt or using NRT. These results contribute to a better understanding of how remote research methods impact recruitment, retention, and other study outcomes.



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