All ETDs from UAB

Advisory Committee Chair

Heather McPherson

Advisory Committee Members

Noa Turel

Tanja Jones

Document Type


Date of Award


Degree Name by School

Master of Arts (MA) College of Arts and Sciences


This thesis examines the intersection of Japonisme and modernity in Henri Rivière’s lithographic album, Thirty-Six Views of the Eiffel Tower (1902). While paying homage to Hokusai’s Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji, Rivière represents thirty-six lithographs of modernized Paris. Rivière’s concept of modernity in the album goes beyond simply depicting the modern cityscape with the recently-built Eiffel Tower. His choice of lithography, usage of photographs, and innovative visual strategies indicate that the album is also a representation of modern life in the last decade of the nineteenth century. Modernity in this album operates on multiple levels. In addition to embodying changing fashions or novelties and new technologies, it is the fleeting quality of everyday life that the artist experiences and seeks to capture. In this sense, The Eiffel Tower in this album not only represents the belief in scientific progress. Through its omnipresence in the plates from different angles and vantage points across Paris, it signifies the pervasiveness of modernity and its impact on urban life. Likewise, the Japanese influence in this album not only reflects the political and economic history of Japonisme and the context of customer culture. It also parallels the development of ukiyo-e and Japonisme. Rivière’s Thirty-Six Views goes beyond formal imitation by modernizing and westernizing the ukiyo-e landscape tradition of Hokusai’s time.



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